This engaging 20 minute documentary, narrated by actor Ossie Davis, tells the
story of the 1919 race riot in Elaine, Arkansas. Through this important
early chapter in the Civil Rights Movement, African American farmers in
the Delta region experienced great tragedy, fought for social justice,
and ultimately found vindication in the US Supreme Court.
The Scipio A. Jones House is a historic house at 1872 South Cross Street in Little Rock, Arkansas.
It is a 1-1/2 story masonry structure, finished in an elaborate
interpretation of the Craftsman style with a variety of materials. It
has a clipped-gable roof covered with red tile, with a skirt of roofing
extending across the front above the first floor. The entrance is
recessed under a stone-faced arch, which is flanked by stuccoed bays
with bands of three sash windows.
BORN IN THE 3RD YEAR OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR
Scipio Africanus Jones (August 3, 1863 – March 2, 1943) was an African-American educator, lawyer, judge, philanthropist, and Republican politician from the state of Arkansas.
He was most known for having guided the appeals of the twelve African-American men condemned to death after the Elaine Race Riot
of October 1919.
More than one hundred African Americans were indicted
in the aftermath of the riot, although an estimated one hundred to two
hundred blacks were killed in the county, along with five whites.
whites were prosecuted by the state.
The case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court, which in Moore v. Dempsey (1923) set a precedent of reviewing the conduct of state criminal trials against the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Jones was born into slavery in Smith Township near Tulip in Dallas County in south Arkansas.